Sri Lanka is is one of 34 biodiversity hotspots of the world. The land is a paradise for a nature lover – be it the marine wonders or endemic wild life. The main attraction of Sri Lankan wild life is the elephants. These majestic animals are found at several national parks in Sri Lanka. Sightings of the leopards, sloth bear, lizards, blue whales, dolphins are also quite common in the reservations.
In 2008 Sri Lanka was the third most religious country in the world according to a Gallup poll, with 99% of Sri Lankans saying religion is an important part of their daily life. Sri Lankans practice a variety of religions. including Theravada Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims (mainly Sunni), Christians (mainly Roman Catholic and other Christians).
Travellers to Sri Lanka can make their journey memorable by trying the train journeys across the island. These routes pass through pine forests, tea estates and much more to give you breathless views and scenes of the country. The lush forests and the lush green tea gardens of the East give you great photos to capture.
Some mountains are dressed up with great and elegant waterfalls and Sri Lanka amalgamates all these waterfalls into beauty and purity. One can enjoy the waterfall from the way it pretends to be. There are over hundred of enchanting waterfalls in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka is blessed to have the world’s finest setting of nature and love. The overwhelming climate with the breeze and fresh air enjoying a holiday with friends in the midst of Green Mountains is more than a blessing. One of the best place to eradicate negativity under the cold climate and ascetic mountains.
Sri Lanka has the longest continuous history of Buddhism of any Buddhist nation. The island has been a centre of Buddhist scholarship and learning since the introduction of Buddhism in the third century BCE. Throughout most of its history, Sri Lankan kings have played a major role in the maintenance and revival of the Buddhist institutions. There are around 6,000 Buddhist monasteries on Sri Lanka.
In antiquity, Sri Lanka was known to travellers by a variety of names. According to the Mahavamsa, the legendary Prince Vijaya named the land Tambapanni (“copper-red hands” or “copper-red earth”), because his followers’ hands were reddened by the red soil of the area. In Hindu mythology, such as the Ramayana, the island was referred to as Lankā (“Island”). The Tamil term Eelam was used to designate the whole island in Sangam literature.
Ancient Greek geographers called it Taprobanā (Ancient Greek: Ταπροβανᾶ) or Taprobanē (Ταπροβανῆ) from the word Tambapanni. The Persians and Arabs referred to it as Sarandīb (the origin of the word “serendipity”) from Cerentivu or Siṃhaladvīpaḥ. Ceilão, the name given to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese Empire when it arrived in 1505, was transliterated into English as Ceylon. As a British crown colony, the island was known as Ceylon; it achieved independence as the Dominion of Ceylon in 1948.
The country is now known in Sinhalese as Śrī Laṃkā (Sinhalese: ශ්රී ලංකා) and in Tamil as Ilaṅkai (Tamil: இலங்கை, IPA: [iˈlaŋɡai]). In 1972, its formal name was changed to “Free, Sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri Lanka”. Later in 1978, it was changed to the “Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka”. As the name Ceylon still appears in the names of a number of organisations, the Sri Lankan government announced in 2011 a plan to rename all those over which it has authority.