Yapahuwa Rock Fortress and it’s solitary staircase is a magnificent place that offers its visitors a tranquil and calm feeling with its solitary staircase that stands up to the sky.
The story of Yapahuwa rewinds back to the 12th century when King Bhuvenakabahu changed the island’s capital, from Polonnaruwa to Yapahuwa. He bought the Sacred Tooth Relic when he established the new Kingdom. However, after the king’s death, monks inhabited the abandoned kingdom. It is built on a huge rock boulder resembling the shape of the world-famous rock, Sigiriya. It was the king’s palace and a military stronghold against those wanted to capture the Sacred Tooth Relic.
You can see a small yet beautiful temple on the way to the fortress. There are many small caves with shrines, drawings of Buddha and Brahmi script inscriptions. The temple is easily reachable from the main route. You should visit this breathtaking Kingdom to witness the proud yet isolated history of this unique place which was once a magnificent palace.
The archaeological site of Yapahuwa
The archaeological site of Yapahuwa located in the Mahawa Divisional Secretariat takes a prominent place in history. This fortress had many names over the different reigns including Sundara Giri Pavuvva, Subhavala, Subhagiripura and Ayo Parvata.
Yapahuwa abound a variety of features of archaeological importance. The fortification and the moat, which extend from west end of the Southern part of the rock are connected to the other side of the rock in the shape of a horse shoe. There are no buildings of any historical value in the outer city. There are tiles, potsherds and bricks everywhere in the vicinity of the outer city.
The fortress is 4m in height and 22m in width. Bastions may have existed on the rampart as suggested by the square shaped structures on it. The well planned citadel consists of a rampart and a moat. There are stone slabs in place on both sides of the rampart and filled with metal.
retrived from Department of Archaeology – Sri Lanka
Read more about Yapahuwa Rock Fortress on Wikipedia