In 2008 Sri Lanka was the third most religious country in the world according to a Gallup poll, with 99% of Sri Lankans saying religion is an important part of their daily life. Sri Lankans practice a variety of religions. including Theravada Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims (mainly Sunni), Christians (mainly Roman Catholic and other Christians).
Theravada Buddhism is the official religion of Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka has the longest continuous history of Buddhism of any Buddhist nation. The island has been a centre of Buddhist scholarship and learning since the introduction of Buddhism in the third century BCE.
Throughout most of its history, Sri Lankan kings have played a major role in the maintenance and revival of the Buddhist institutions of the island. There are around 6,000 Buddhist monasteries on Sri Lanka. These Buddhist temples, ancient Buddhist history, monasteries are sanctuaries for meditation and learning of Buddhism.